ARKANSAS DAMNED YANKEES
UNION ARKANSAS REGIMENTS
FIRST ARKANSAS CAVALRY
Organized at Cassville and Springfield, M0, Summer 1862. Mustered in at Springfield 7 August 1862. Primary recruitment places Washington Co., Carroll Co., and Benton Co., AR; Barry and Green Cos. in M0. Service mainly in northwest Arkansas. Mustered out 20 August 1865. Total enlistments: 1,774.
SECOND ARKANSAS CAVALRY
Organized at Helena, AR and Pilot Knob, M0, July 1862. Mustered in at Helena, July 1862. Primary recruitment places Sebastian Co., Crawford Co., and Phillips Co., AR; Barry and Green Cos., in M0. Service mainly in northern Arkansas. Mustered out 20 August 1865. Total enlistments: 1,477.
THIRD ARKANSAS CAVALRY
Organized and mustered in at Little Rock, AR, February 1864. Primary recruitment places Conway, Yell and Pulaski Cos., in AR. Service in northern and central Arkansas, garrison duty at Lewisburg, AR and participation in the Camden campaign. Mustered out 20 August 1865. Total enlistments: 1,421.
FOURTH ARKANSAS CAVALRY
Organized at Little Rock, AR, December 1863. Primary recruitment places Pulaski, Yell and Sebastian Cos. in AR. Service in central Arkansas and the Camden campaign. Mustered out 30 June 1865. Total enlistments: 1,464.
FIRST BATTERY ARKANSAS LIGHT ARTILLERY
Organized at Fayetteville, AR and Springfield, M0, January to August 1863. Mustered in 31 August 1863. Primary recruitment Washington Co., AR. Service in northern Arkansas area and the Camden campaign. Mustered out 10 August 1864. Total enlist- ments: 183.
FIRST ARKANSAS INFANTRY
Organized at Fayetteville, AR and mustered in 25 March 1863. Primary recruitment places Washington, Sebastian and Newton Cos. in AR. Service in Fayetteville and Fort Smith, AR areas and the Camden campaign. Mustered out 10 August 1865. Total enlist- ments : l,340.
SECOND ARKANSAS INFANTRY
Organized at Springfield, MO and Fort Smith, AR, October 1863 to March 1864. Primary recruitment places Johnson, Sebastian and Yell Cos. in AR. Service in Fort Smith area, Little Rock, Clarksville and Lewisburg, AR. Mustered out 8 August 1865. Total enlistments: 1.000.
FOURTH ARKANSAS INFANTRY
Organized at Batesville and Fort Smith, AR, January to May, 1864. Organization not completed, regiment transferred to Second Arkansas Infantry 28 October 1864. Service in north central and northwest Arkansas. Total enlistments: 165.
FIRST ßATTALLlON (SlX MONTHS)
Organized at Helena, AR, 20 July 1862. Moved to St. Louis, MO October 1862. Heavy loss from disease. Mustered out 31 December 1862. Total enlistments: 379.
Adjutant General Albert W. Bishop's Report of 1866 describes the progress of Union sentiment in Arkansas. Early in the war, "there was a substantial want of concert of action among Union men, and they quietly submitted to what they could not prevent, or fled for security to the caves and hills." After Pea Ridge, "the Union men of Arkansas began to appear within Federal lines." They assembled themselves at Cassville, Missouri, in sufficient numbers for M. La Rue Harrison of the 36th Illinois Infantry to organize them into a company and attach it to the 6th Missouri Cavalry. As more men joined, Harrison applied for authority to raise the First Arkansas Cavalry, and other units followed.
Bishop does note the majority of sentiment in Arkansas was "dis- loyal," or loyal to the Confederate States of America, and he notes, "a citizen of the State (of Arkansas) could do no act so odious to the majority as enlisting in the federal army. It was regarded as the clearest evidence of treason, and for a time there was a strong disposition not to accord 'Arkansas federals' the rights of prisoners of war."
Besides in northern and western Arkansas, there seem to have been nests of Federal sentiment in the Batesville and Conway County areas. Groups of Batesville men trooped off to Helena in General Curtis' wake in the summer of 1862 and died like flies from disease.
Bishop says "more than 10,000" men served in
Arkansas regiments, so it appears the names of many are unrecorded both
in his record and in the compiled service records.
If you would like a lookup for your soldier in this publication, I will be happy to do this if you contact me, Jeri Helms Fultz... Jeri Helms Fultz
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